||Chesapeake Energy Corporation
||Natural Gas Hydraulic Fracturing
||New York State Common Retirement Fund, Green Century Capital Management
||Sisters of St. Francis of Philadelphia, Miller/Howard, First Affirmative Financial Network
Natural Gas Exploration and Development
Onshore "unconventional" natural gas production requiring hydraulic fracturing, which injects a mix of water, chemicals, and particles underground to create fractures through which gas can flow for collection, is estimated to increase by 45% between 2007 and 2030. An estimated 60-80% of natural gas wells drilled this decade will require hydraulic fracturing.
Fracturing operations can have significant impacts on surrounding communities including the potential for increased incidents of toxic spills, water quantity and quality impacts, and air quality degradation. Government officials in Ohio, Pennsylvania and Colorado have documented methane gas linked to fracturing operations in drinking water. In Wyoming, the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) recently found a chemical known to be used in fracturing in at least three wells adjacent to drilling operations.
There is virtually no public disclosure of chemicals used at fracturing locations. The Energy Policy Act of 2005 stripped EPA of its authority to regulate fracturing under the Safe Drinking Water Act and state regulation is uneven and limited. But recently, some new federal and state regulations have been proposed. In June 2009, federal legislation to reinstate EPA authority to regulate fracturing was introduced. In September 2009, the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation released draft permit conditions that would require disclosure of chemicals used, specific well construction protocols, and baseline pre-testing of surrounding drinking water wells. New York sits above part of the Marcellus Shale, which some believe to be the largest onshore natural gas reserve.
Media attention has increased exponentially. A November 11, 2009 search of the Nexis Mega-News library found 1807 articles mentioning "hydraulic fracturing" and environment in the last two years, a 265 percent increase over the prior three years.
Because of public concern, in September 2009, some natural gas operators and drillers began advocating greater disclosure of the chemical constituents used in fracturing.
In the proponents' opinion, emerging technologies to track "chemical signatures" from drilling activities increase the potential for reputational damage and vulnerability to litigation. We believe uneven regulatory controls and reported contamination incidents compel companies to protect their long-term financial interests by taking measures beyond regulatory requirements to reduce environmental hazards.
Therefore be it resolved,
Shareholders request that the Board of Directors prepare a report by November 1, 2010, at reasonable cost and omitting confidential information such as proprietary or legally prejudicial data, summarizing, summarizing 1.the environmental impact of fracturing operations of Chesapeake Energy Corporation; 2. potential policies for the company to adopt, above and beyond regulatory requirements, to reduce or eliminate hazards to air, water, and soil quality from fracturing; and 3. other information regarding the scale, likelihood and/or impacts of potential material risks, short or long term, to the company's finances or operations, due to environmental concerns regarding fracturing.
Proponents believe the policies explored by the report should include, among other things, use of less toxic fracturing fluids, recycling or reuse of waste fluids, and other structural or procedural strategies to reduce fracturing hazards.